Ras Mohammed National Park, Egypt

Ras Muhammad is the most famous national park in Egypt and one of the most famous diving sites in the world. A national park that is located between the rich coral reefs of the Red Sea and the inland desert of the Sinai- it covers the coral headland at the southernmost tip of Sinai. At the southern end of the headland there is a small stand of Mangrove, Avicennia marina. Beneath the crystal-clear waters of the Red Sea you’ll find coral reefs teeming with life including a diversity of vertebrate and invertebrate species. Slightly further offshore you might spot dolphins, including Risso’s Dolphin, Grampus griseus. The area hosts White Stork, Ciconia ciconia, during their annual migrations.

The National Park is administered by the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency.

Coral reefs and tropical rain forests are the two most productive natural systems on Earth. As a result of excessive and negligent usage, their existence is currently at risk. In the last 20 years, humans have destroyed 20% of the world’s reefs. Coral reefs are not only the largest natural structure known to man; but also a fragile ecosystem, providing space, shelter and food to thousands of plants and animals. More than 25% of all marine species are directly dependent upon the reefs for their survival. If the coral reefs are damaged any further, the complex balance of the reef will be permanently altered, resulting in loss of productivity and biodiversity.

For these reasons, the National Parks of Egypt are taking actions to preserve the terrestrial and marine environments. We hope that you will too by following the advice outlined below: Mooring buoys are installed to protect corals, which would otherwise be damaged by the use of anchors. You can contribute by not touching or breaking corals.

Fish feeding and bottom fishing upset the equilibrium of the reef. Please do not feed or fish on the coastline. For “fishing” lovers we offer fishing excursions by boat off shore. Improve your buoyancy and look but don’t touch! PADI Specialties such as Peak Performance Buoyancy and Underwater Naturalist are available to improve your awareness of the environment and help you interact with it in a mutually beneficial way.

Resting, standing or walking on a coral surface damages the fragile tissue surface of the coral animal. Exposed to bacterial attack and disease, it will often not recover from this impact. Please avoid walking on the reef. Use the floating jetties or marked reef access points to enter the water.

Ras Mohammed National Park

Ras Mohammed National Park is located approximately 25 km Southwest of Sharm El Sheikh and is easily accessible by car. There are organized excursions available through various tour operators, or, you can explore the park on your own.

The park is home to a variety of stunning geological features both underwater and on land including uplifted coral reefs, alluvial plains, wadis, granite and sandstone mountains and soft sand dunes. The park is home to many forms terrestrial life including: foxes, gazelles, lizards, and ibexes. The park holds one of the most northerly located Mangrove tree outcropping, which is a valuable breeding area and habitat for both migrating and resident birds such as the white stork or raptor.

Scalefin anthias in the Red Sea at Ras Mohammed National Park in Egypt

Scalefin anthias in the Red Sea at Ras Mohammed National Park in Egypt

Ras Mohammed National Park Diving Site

There are many dive sites to visit at the Ras Mohammed National Park area, but the most spectacular reefs-Shark Reef and Yolanda Reef- located at the southern tip of the park are only available by boat.

These sites are so popular that the National Park had to put a rotation system to control the amount of divers per day. Located at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula strong underwater currents provides lots of nutrient for all living species.

Over thousand fish and over hundred different hard and soft coral species have been recorded in the Ras Mohammed area. Napoleon Wrasse, Moray Eels and turtles are permanent inhabitants. If you can cope with the summer heat Ras Mohammed is spectacular from mid June to mid August. It is mating season for a lot of fish species and large schools of fish can be seen in the blue. It is just breathtaking!

Shark Reef/Yolanda Reef

These are two small twin pinnacles, peaks of a single coral tower rising out of the depth just off the Ras Mohammed coast. This dive is conducted as a drift dive either with water entry at Shark Reef or at Anemone City.

Shark Reef, the eastern most of the two, stands out with its breathtaking drop off to 800m depth. The steep reef wall is covered with soft corals and strong currents can be recognized by watching schools of snappers lining up in a vertical row. A shallow saddle between the two reefs gives marine life the chance to hide from currents, huge moray eels, groupers and blue-spotted stingrays can be found.

Yolanda Reef, less steep covered with little coral pinnacles and heads, ends with a shallow patch at the south side. Remains of the Yolanda wreck gave it the name. The cargo – Ideal Standard sanitary equipment – is spread over the reef and nowadays used for shelter.

Anemone City

Located just inshore from Shark Reef, it is a popular boat entry point for a drift dive around the twin pinnacles. The reef is a steep slope with rich coral growth and huge numbers of anemone, with attendant anemone fish, which gave the dive site its name.
Shark Observatory

Situated just beside Jackfish Alley, this dive site can be accessed by boat and shore. It is named after the observation point on the cliff top on shore. The cliff formation continues underwater as a vertical wall, sloping outwards at its foot. Visibility is excellent and keeping a little distance from the wall gives the impression to dive in an amphitheater. Crevices and little caves in the wall invite for a closer look.

Jackfish Alley

This dive site is often dived as the second dive of the day. Drifting with the current it is an easy and relaxing dive. Two penetrable caves, each with separate exit and entrance holes and an alley formed by a second reef plateau parallel to the coastline made this site popular. Plenty of jacks and stingrays can be seen in the alley and white soft coral gardens make you dream.

Ras Zatar

Located on the northern tip of the Ras Mohammed Peninsula it is not visited as often as the other sites. Steep walls with some large caves filled with glass sweepers and soft corals make the drift dive enjoyable. In shallow areas of the wall many small invertebrates, like the feather worm tubes and nudibranches can be found, an excellent dive site for macro photography.

Coral Reef

Coral reef ecosystems found in the National Park are recognized internationally as among the world’s best. This recognition is based primarily on the diversity of flora and fauna, clear, warm water devoid of pollutants, their proximity to shorelines and their spectacular vertical profile. The reef exists as an explosion of color and life in stark contrast to the seemingly barren desert adjacent to it. In reality, the desert is rich in fauna, mainly nocturnal. These ecosystems are intrinsically linked and thus must be managed as a single unit.

The Eel Garden, named for its population of garden eels at 20m, also provides excellent during calm conditions.
The Main Beach, often crowded, remains one of the best locations to see vertical coral walls. Access is restricted to the left side of the bay.
The Old Quay, often calm but having more turbid water, has some of the best shallow water reef structure.
Marsa Bareika, newly opened with superior corals, calm water and excellent beaches.
Mangrove Channel – Hidden Bay are the best locations to view resident or migratory birds such as Herons, White Stark, Osprey, etc.

Ras Mohammed National Park, Egypthttp://i2.wp.com/plexusworld.com/wp-content/uploads/Coral_reef_in_Ras_Muhammad_nature_park_Iolanda_reef.jpg?fit=1024%2C1024http://i1.wp.com/plexusworld.com/wp-content/uploads/Coral_reef_in_Ras_Muhammad_nature_park_Iolanda_reef.jpg?resize=150%2C150 angelsujimeena Travel & Tourism,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
Ras Muhammad is the most famous national park in Egypt and one of the most famous diving sites in the world. A national park that is located between the rich coral reefs of the Red Sea and the inland desert of the Sinai- it covers the coral headland at...
Ras Muhammad is the most famous national park in Egypt and one of the most famous diving sites in the world. A national park that is located between the rich coral reefs of the Red Sea and the inland desert of the Sinai- it covers the coral headland at the southernmost tip of Sinai. At the southern end of the headland there is a small stand of Mangrove, Avicennia marina. Beneath the crystal-clear waters of the Red Sea you’ll find coral reefs teeming with life including a diversity of vertebrate and invertebrate species. Slightly further offshore you might spot dolphins, including Risso's Dolphin, Grampus griseus. The area hosts White Stork, Ciconia ciconia, during their annual migrations. <h2>The National Park is administered by the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency.</h2> Coral reefs and tropical rain forests are the two most productive natural systems on Earth. As a result of excessive and negligent usage, their existence is currently at risk. In the last 20 years, humans have destroyed 20% of the world’s reefs. Coral reefs are not only the largest natural structure known to man; but also a fragile ecosystem, providing space, shelter and food to thousands of plants and animals. More than 25% of all marine species are directly dependent upon the reefs for their survival. If the coral reefs are damaged any further, the complex balance of the reef will be permanently altered, resulting in loss of productivity and biodiversity. For these reasons, the National Parks of Egypt are taking actions to preserve the terrestrial and marine environments. We hope that you will too by following the advice outlined below: Mooring buoys are installed to protect corals, which would otherwise be damaged by the use of anchors. You can contribute by not touching or breaking corals. Fish feeding and bottom fishing upset the equilibrium of the reef. Please do not feed or fish on the coastline. For “fishing” lovers we offer fishing excursions by boat off shore. Improve your buoyancy and look but don’t touch! PADI Specialties such as Peak Performance Buoyancy and Underwater Naturalist are available to improve your awareness of the environment and help you interact with it in a mutually beneficial way. Resting, standing or walking on a coral surface damages the fragile tissue surface of the coral animal. Exposed to bacterial attack and disease, it will often not recover from this impact. Please avoid walking on the reef. Use the floating jetties or marked reef access points to enter the water. <h2>Ras Mohammed National Park</h2> Ras Mohammed National Park is located approximately 25 km Southwest of Sharm El Sheikh and is easily accessible by car. There are organized excursions available through various tour operators, or, you can explore the park on your own. The park is home to a variety of stunning geological features both underwater and on land including uplifted coral reefs, alluvial plains, wadis, granite and sandstone mountains and soft sand dunes. The park is home to many forms terrestrial life including: foxes, gazelles, lizards, and ibexes. The park holds one of the most northerly located Mangrove tree outcropping, which is a valuable breeding area and habitat for both migrating and resident birds such as the white stork or raptor. <h2>Ras Mohammed National Park Diving Site</h2> There are many dive sites to visit at the Ras Mohammed National Park area, but the most spectacular reefs-Shark Reef and Yolanda Reef- located at the southern tip of the park are only available by boat. These sites are so popular that the National Park had to put a rotation system to control the amount of divers per day. Located at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula strong underwater currents provides lots of nutrient for all living species. Over thousand fish and over hundred different hard and soft coral species have been recorded in the Ras Mohammed area. Napoleon Wrasse, Moray Eels and turtles are permanent inhabitants. If you can cope with the summer heat Ras Mohammed is spectacular from mid June to mid August. It is mating season for a lot of fish species and large schools of fish can be seen in the blue. It is just breathtaking! <h2>Shark Reef/Yolanda Reef</h2> These are two small twin pinnacles, peaks of a single coral tower rising out of the depth just off the Ras Mohammed coast. This dive is conducted as a drift dive either with water entry at Shark Reef or at Anemone City. Shark Reef, the eastern most of the two, stands out with its breathtaking drop off to 800m depth. The steep reef wall is covered with soft corals and strong currents can be recognized by watching schools of snappers lining up in a vertical row. A shallow saddle between the two reefs gives marine life the chance to hide from currents, huge moray eels, groupers and blue-spotted stingrays can be found. Yolanda Reef, less steep covered with little coral pinnacles and heads, ends with a shallow patch at the south side. Remains of the Yolanda wreck gave it the name. The cargo – Ideal Standard sanitary equipment – is spread over the reef and nowadays used for shelter. <h2>Anemone City</h2> Located just inshore from Shark Reef, it is a popular boat entry point for a drift dive around the twin pinnacles. The reef is a steep slope with rich coral growth and huge numbers of anemone, with attendant anemone fish, which gave the dive site its name. Shark Observatory Situated just beside Jackfish Alley, this dive site can be accessed by boat and shore. It is named after the observation point on the cliff top on shore. The cliff formation continues underwater as a vertical wall, sloping outwards at its foot. Visibility is excellent and keeping a little distance from the wall gives the impression to dive in an amphitheater. Crevices and little caves in the wall invite for a closer look. <h2>Jackfish Alley</h2> This dive site is often dived as the second dive of the day. Drifting with the current it is an easy and relaxing dive. Two penetrable caves, each with separate exit and entrance holes and an alley formed by a second reef plateau parallel to the coastline made this site popular. Plenty of jacks and stingrays can be seen in the alley and white soft coral gardens make you dream. <h2>Ras Zatar</h2> Located on the northern tip of the Ras Mohammed Peninsula it is not visited as often as the other sites. Steep walls with some large caves filled with glass sweepers and soft corals make the drift dive enjoyable. In shallow areas of the wall many small invertebrates, like the feather worm tubes and nudibranches can be found, an excellent dive site for macro photography. <h2>Coral Reef</h2> Coral reef ecosystems found in the National Park are recognized internationally as among the world's best. This recognition is based primarily on the diversity of flora and fauna, clear, warm water devoid of pollutants, their proximity to shorelines and their spectacular vertical profile. The reef exists as an explosion of color and life in stark contrast to the seemingly barren desert adjacent to it. In reality, the desert is rich in fauna, mainly nocturnal. These ecosystems are intrinsically linked and thus must be managed as a single unit. <strong>The Eel Garden</strong>, named for its population of garden eels at 20m, also provides excellent during calm conditions. <strong>The Main Beach</strong>, often crowded, remains one of the best locations to see vertical coral walls. Access is restricted to the left side of the bay. <strong>The Old Quay</strong>, often calm but having more turbid water, has some of the best shallow water reef structure. <strong>Marsa Bareika</strong>, newly opened with superior corals, calm water and excellent beaches. <strong>Mangrove Channel</strong> - Hidden Bay are the best locations to view resident or migratory birds such as Herons, White Stark, Osprey, etc.
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